Eng 1131 audiences and culture exercises

Module 3: Audiences and Culture Exercises

Since formatting isn’t an important part of this assignment, you may cut/paste your work into the textbox or attach the assignment in .doc, .docx or .rtf format.

Exercise 3.12 – Identifying Sources of Miscommunication 

·         Do #1 only and identify one or more ways that cultural differences have led to miscommunication. 

·         Next, suggest one or more solutions to the problem.  For this scenario, consider that Alan must conclude his business within one week or risk losing the sale.  What can he do to get this Mexican customer’s business? 

·         For full credit, answer fully, in complete sentences.

1.       1. Alan is a Canadian sales representative in Mexico.

He makes appointments and is careful to be on

time. But the person he’s calling on is frequently

late. To save time, Alan tries to get right to

business. But his hosts want to talk about

sightseeing and his family. Even worse, his

appointments are interrupted constantly, not only

by business phone calls, but also by long

conversations with other people and even the

customers’ children who come into the office.

Alan’s first progress report is very negative. He

hasn’t yet made a sale. Perhaps Mexico just isn’t

the right place to sell his company’s products.

 

2. Stan wants to negotiate a joint venture with a

Chinese company. He asks Tung-Sen Lee if the

Chinese people have enough discretionary income

to afford his product. Mr. Lee is silent for a time,

and then says, “Your product is good. People in

the West must like it.” Stan smiles, pleased that

Mr. Lee recognizes the quality of his product, and

he gives Mr. Lee a contract to sign. Weeks later,

Stan still hasn’t heard anything. If China is going

to be so inefficient, he wonders if he really should

try to do business there.

 

3. Elspeth is very proud of her participatory

management style. On assignment in India, she is

careful not to give orders but to ask for

suggestions. But people rarely suggest anything.

Even a formal suggestion system doesn’t work.

And to make matters worse, she doesn’t sense the

respect and camaraderie of the plant she managed

in Canada. Perhaps, she decides gloomily, people in

India just aren’t ready for a female boss.

 

Exercise 3.16 –  Revising Sexist Job Titles

  • suggest nonsexist alternatives.

 

– Barmaid         – deliveryman     – ombudsman    -chairwoman     -female soldier      -male model

– Lunch lady   – lady lawyer   – fireman   – policeman – postman    – stuntman

 

Exercise 3.17 (pg. 60) – 1,3,5,7,9 (odd numbers only)

State the type of bias and rewrite the sentence without bias. 

·         1) While he is a victim of muscular dystrophy, Salvatore is one of our top salesmen.

·         3) Though she was born and raised in the south, Terri is surprisingly open-minded about people of different races.


5) Sam Madigan
Ark Industries

5112 Grosvenor boulevard
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Dear Mr. Madigan:

7) Though Xian doesn’t look like he was born in this country, he speaks English better than anyone else that I know.

9) Make sure you seat the entire team, including the minorities Atik, Curtis, and Brianna, at the center table during this year’s “Celebration of Diversity” dinner

 

 

 

Quick answer | Marketing homework help

Use book forth edition  the market research toolbox  a concise guide for beginners  c

Due Thursday 

Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words:  

qualitative Analysis

Recall the readings and activities you have completed this week and research a TED Talk or other academic video that applies to one or more of your weekly objectives. Post a link to the video in your discussion thread. Answer the following: 

  • What do you find interesting or surprising about the information in the video? 
  • How does it relate back to your weekly objectives?

Nursing leadership (20 hours) | Nursing homework help

 

 1) Minimum 6 full pages (No word count per page)- Follow the 3 x 3 rule: minimum three paragraphs per page

           Part 1: minimum 1 page

           Part 2: minimum 1 page

           Part 3: minimum 1 page

           Part 4: minimum 3 pages (Due 48 hours)

   Submit 1 document per part

2)¨******APA norms

         All paragraphs must be narrative and cited in the text- each paragraph

         Bulleted responses are not accepted

         Don’t write in the first person 

         Don’t copy and paste the questions.

         Answer the question objectively, do not make introductions to your answers, answer it when you start the paragraph

Submit 1 document per part

3)****************************** It will be verified by Turnitin (Identify the percentage of exact match of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks) 

********************************It will be verified by SafeAssign (Identify the percentage of similarity of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks)

4) Minimum 3 references (APA format) per part not older than 5 years  (Journals, books) (No websites) 

Part 4: Include AACN, 2008

All references must be consistent with the topic-purpose-focus of the parts. Different references are not allowed.

5) Identify your answer with the numbers, according to the question. Start your answer on the same line, not the next

Example:

Q 1. Nursing is XXXXX

Q 2. Health is XXXX

6) You must name the files according to the part you are answering: 

Example:

Part 1.doc 

Part 2.doc

__________________________________________________________________________________ 

Part 1:  Nursing Leadership

1. If you were a Nurse Manager what priority finance items would your prioritize?

2. Describe an ideal staffing assignment for a medical-surgical unit.

3. Describe an ideal staffing assignment for an ICU.

Part 2:  Nursing Leadership

1. Why is financial management important in healthcare?

2. Why is it important for nurses to understand health care financing?

3. Name some key financial definitions in Nursing.

Part 3:  Nursing Leadership

1.  Explain public policy, private policy , health policy, social policy, organizational policy.

Part 4:  Nursing Leadership

Purpose:

The purpose of this XXX is to provide the student an opportunity to reflect on selected RN-BSN competencies acquired through the course.  

1.  Introduction (1/2 page)

Introduces the purpose of the reflection and addresses  BSN Essentials (AACN, 2008) pertinent to healthcare policy and advocacy.

2. Course Reflection 

Reflect and reflect on your learning from the Nursing Leadership course on

  

a. Promote the image of nursing by modeling the values and articulating the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the nursing profession.

b. Demonstrate professionalism, including attention to appearance, demeanor, respect for self and others, and attention to professional boundaries with patients and families as well as among caregivers.

c. Demonstrate an appreciation of the history of and contemporary issues in nursing and their impact on current nursing practice.

d. Reflect on one’s own beliefs and values as they relate to professional practice.

3. Conclusion (1/2 page)

Psy 420 week 4 dro contingency worksheet

PSY/420 Week 4 DRO Contingency Worksheet

 

Decide which of the following concepts are most applicable to each scenario: differential reinforcement of other behavior, avoidance contingency, and punishment by prevention of reinforcer, punishment by loss of reinforcer, or avoidance of loss.

————–

 

All the five Parts are answered.

Scored: 10/10

Please use my tutorials are GUIDES only

Journalize the following transactions for Combs Company. (a)Purchased 6,800 units of raw materials on account for $19,660. The standard cost was $20,400. (b) Issued 6,510 units of raw materials for production. The standard units were 6,670.

Journalize the following transactions for Combs Company. (a)Purchased 6,800 units of raw materials on account for $19,660. The standard cost was $20,400. (b) Issued 6,510 units of raw materials for production. The standard units were 6,670.

Understanding financial ratios in a case study financial plans and

Total Liabilities and Owner’s

 

Income Statement, Eden’s Garden Net Sales Revenue*

 

$689,247

Cost of Goods Sold

 

 

Beginning Inventory, 1/1/xx

$78,271

 

+ Purchases

$403,569

 

Goods available for Sale

$481,840

 

– Ending Inventory, 12,31/xx

$86,157

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

$395,683

Gross Profit

 

$293,564

Operating Expenses

 

 

Advertising

$22,150

 

Insurance

$9,187

 

Depreciation

 

 

Building

$26,705

 

Autos

$7,895

 

Equipment

$11,200

 

Salaries

$116,541

 

Uniforms

$4,018

 

Repairs and Maintenance

$9,097

 

Travel

$2,658

 

Entertainment

$2,798

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

$212,249

General Expenses

 

 

Utilities

$7,987

 

Telephone

$2,753

 

Professional Fees

$3,000

 

Postage

$1,892

 

Payroll Taxes

$11,589

 

Total General Expenses

 

$27,221

Other Expenses

 

 

Interest Expense

$21,978

 

Bad check Expense

$679

 

Miscellaneous expense

$1,248

 

Total Other Expenses

 

$23,905

Total Expenses

 

$263,375

Net Income

 

$30,189

 

*Credit sales represented $289,484 of this total.

year-end financial statements from their accountant. At their last meeting with their accountant, Shelley Edison, three months ago, the Edens had mentioned that they seemed to be having trouble paying their bills on time. “Some of our suppliers have threatened to put us on ‘credit hold, said Joe.

 

 

 

Pro’s and con’s of offenders

What are some of the Pro’s and Con’s of offenders re entering their community? Do you think your community offers resources effective for intervention and offender treatment?

Due Process – Prisoner Reentry: Breaking the Cycle (Aired 2/12/12)

https://youtu.be/0udmYxCyjw4 

  • Write a short paragraph of at least 300 words.
  • Use concrete examples/details and avoid generalities.
  • Address all questions.
  • Use proper grammar and punctuation.
  • If you researched your topic and are using information from what you learned, remember to cite your sources.
  • YOU must post your word count at the end of your discussion and the word count at the end of your reply.  Your references cannot be included in your word count.

Week 4 discussion by 10/13/2021 at 6;00 pm

 

Week 4 Discussion

Directions:

Continue with the theory you chose last week.

  • Describe two research studies that used your theory as a foundation. Describe how each study used the theory.
  • How were the concepts operationalized? When concepts are operationalized, they are turned from an abstract form to something measurable.

Submission Details

  • In your discussion question response, provide a substantive response that illustrates a well-reasoned and thoughtful response; is factually correct with relevant scholarly citations, references, and examples; and demonstrates a clear connection to the readings.

Determination of blood alcohol “dry lab”

  

Introduction

Quantitative determination of blood alcohol (BAC) is one of the most common analyses performed in the forensic toxicology laboratory. GC with FIR (flame ionization detection) is the preferred technique.

Blood samples must be drawn by medical personnel and transported to the lab, where they are stored in a refrigerator. The blood tubes used for collection generally contain sodium fluoride, an anti-glycolytic, which inhibits enzyme reactions with glucose (recall that fermentation of glucose can produce alcohol!). Sample preparation is minimal and will vary by laboratory. Nearly all labs, however, will require use of an internal standard (discussed further below). 

Quantitative analysis by GC is typically done using an autosampler. Even with this, the very small sample injection volumes and potential small changes in instrumental conditions, such as gas flow, might introduce other variations. One method commonly used to compensate for these difficulties is the use of internal standards.

The internal standard method involves spiking an exactly known quantity of a substance into every sample and standard. The area of the internal standard and the area of the analyte are determined, and then a ratio of these two is calculated by dividing the area of the analyte peak by the area of the internal standard peak. The result is called a peak area ratio (PAR). The idea is that even though the peak areas for a given sample may vary from one test to the next due to injection differences or instrumental variations, the ratio of the two peaks will be constant, since the variations will affect both substances equally. Then, when preparing the calibration curve, the PAR is plotted on the y-axis rather than the simple peak area.

A good internal standard has the following characteristics:

ü Yields a peak that is well resolved from other peaks

ü Has a retention time close to the analyte’s retention time 

ü Normally, some structural similarity between the IS and analyte is desirable

ü Is a compound not readily available to the public and this not typically ingested

o This can be confirmed by using two Internal Standards (e.g., N-Propanol and Isobutanol)

§ The area ratio between the two internal standards should be a constant

There are two ways of introducing an internal standard into the analysis. One way is to dissolve the internal standard into the solvent used to dilute both samples and standards. A second way is to add an accurate and precise volume of concentrated internal standard solution to the samples and standards. The Internal Standard solution may contain salt (i.e., sodium chloride) to enhance the headspace analyses.  Addition of salt reduces the solubility of alcohol in an aqueous solution.

For blood alcohol quantitative determinations, n-propanol is a commonly used internal standard. In the data set below, you are provided with peak areas for both ethanol and propanol. When you make the calibration curve, plot the PAR vs the concentration.

Quality control samples (QC) are a critical component of a forensic BAC. QC samples typically include:

Negative control (contains no ethanol)

Positive control (contains a known amount of ethanol)

Quality control requirements typically include:

Agreement between the calculated value found for a control and its true, assigned value 

Agreement between the calculated ethanol concentrations in duplicate samples

Agreement between the retention times of calibrator and sample ethanol peaks and internal standard peaks

For this “dry lab” you will be given a set of data from a BAC run. You will need to determine the PAR, plot a calibration curve, determine the concentrations of the unknowns, and calculate the QC results to be sure they are within the pre-established limits.

Data

In a real world forensic BAC run, you would have two separate columns running these samples simultaneously. You would also determine acetone, isopropanol, and methanol. For this dry lab, however, we will only do calculations for ethanol on one column.

    

Concentration (g   ethanol / 100 mL)

Peak area for ethanol

Retention time ethanol, min

Peak area for n-propanol (IS spiked at 0.05g/dL)

Retention time n-propanol min

 

Blank

0

1259

1.141

25649

1.991

 

Calibrator 1

0.0100

3975

1.139

24507

1.898

 

Calibrator 2

0.0500

21876

1.137

25565

2.010

 

Calibrator 3

0.0800

37561

1.140

24610

1.995

 

Calibrator 4

0.100

46003

1.142

24368

1.997

 

Calibrator 5

0.300

133987

1.138

25117

2.001

 

Calibrator 6

0.500

221397

1.140

24947

1.993

 

Negative control 1

3165

1.145

25387

2.011

 

Positive control 1

0.0800

35587

1.135

24991

1.993

 

Blood sample 1

?

67590

1.141

25619

1.990

 

Blood sample 1 duplicate

?

70345

1.138

25116

1.891

 

Blood sample 2

?

98171

1.144

24819

1.993

 

Blood sample 2 duplicate

?

110786

1.137

25038

2.011

 

Negative control 2

0

1590

1.143

25437

1.995

 

Positive control 2

0.300

146723

1.144

24751

1.996

  

Report Requirements

Calculations

For each question, show the calculations for at least one example. You may write-out rather than type the calculations, if you wish.

1. Use the calibrator data to make a calibration curve using Excel. You should be able to copy and paste that data table into Excel. Remember to use the PAR, not just the ethanol peak area. Plot PAR on the on the y-axis and ethanol concentration on the x-axis. Use Excel to get a trendline (linear least squared fit to the data) and an r2 value for the calibration curve. Attach the graph to the report. (2 pts) 

  

Introduction

Quantitative determination of blood alcohol (BAC) is one of the most common analyses performed in the forensic toxicology laboratory. GC with FIR (flame ionization detection) is the preferred technique.

Blood samples must be drawn by medical personnel and transported to the lab, where they are stored in a refrigerator. The blood tubes used for collection generally contain sodium fluoride, an anti-glycolytic, which inhibits enzyme reactions with glucose (recall that fermentation of glucose can produce alcohol!). Sample preparation is minimal and will vary by laboratory. Nearly all labs, however, will require use of an internal standard (discussed further below). 

Quantitative analysis by GC is typically done using an autosampler. Even with this, the very small sample injection volumes and potential small changes in instrumental conditions, such as gas flow, might introduce other variations. One method commonly used to compensate for these difficulties is the use of internal standards.

The internal standard method involves spiking an exactly known quantity of a substance into every sample and standard. The area of the internal standard and the area of the analyte are determined, and then a ratio of these two is calculated by dividing the area of the analyte peak by the area of the internal standard peak. The result is called a peak area ratio (PAR). The idea is that even though the peak areas for a given sample may vary from one test to the next due to injection differences or instrumental variations, the ratio of the two peaks will be constant, since the variations will affect both substances equally. Then, when preparing the calibration curve, the PAR is plotted on the y-axis rather than the simple peak area.

A good internal standard has the following characteristics:

ü Yields a peak that is well resolved from other peaks

ü Has a retention time close to the analyte’s retention time 

ü Normally, some structural similarity between the IS and analyte is desirable

ü Is a compound not readily available to the public and this not typically ingested

o This can be confirmed by using two Internal Standards (e.g., N-Propanol and Isobutanol)

§ The area ratio between the two internal standards should be a constant

There are two ways of introducing an internal standard into the analysis. One way is to dissolve the internal standard into the solvent used to dilute both samples and standards. A second way is to add an accurate and precise volume of concentrated internal standard solution to the samples and standards. The Internal Standard solution may contain salt (i.e., sodium chloride) to enhance the headspace analyses.  Addition of salt reduces the solubility of alcohol in an aqueous solution.

For blood alcohol quantitative determinations, n-propanol is a commonly used internal standard. In the data set below, you are provided with peak areas for both ethanol and propanol. When you make the calibration curve, plot the PAR vs the concentration.

Quality control samples (QC) are a critical component of a forensic BAC. QC samples typically include:

Negative control (contains no ethanol)

Positive control (contains a known amount of ethanol)

Quality control requirements typically include:

Agreement between the calculated value found for a control and its true, assigned value 

Agreement between the calculated ethanol concentrations in duplicate samples

Agreement between the retention times of calibrator and sample ethanol peaks and internal standard peaks

For this “dry lab” you will be given a set of data from a BAC run. You will need to determine the PAR, plot a calibration curve, determine the concentrations of the unknowns, and calculate the QC results to be sure they are within the pre-established limits.

Data

In a real world forensic BAC run, you would have two separate columns running these samples simultaneously. You would also determine acetone, isopropanol, and methanol. For this dry lab, however, we will only do calculations for ethanol on one column.

    

Concentration (g   ethanol / 100 mL)

Peak area for ethanol

Retention time ethanol, min

Peak area for n-propanol (IS spiked at 0.05g/dL)

Retention time n-propanol min

 

Blank

0

1259

1.141

25649

1.991

 

Calibrator 1

0.0100

3975

1.139

24507

1.898

 

Calibrator 2

0.0500

21876

1.137

25565

2.010

 

Calibrator 3

0.0800

37561

1.140

24610

1.995

 

Calibrator 4

0.100

46003

1.142

24368

1.997

 

Calibrator 5

0.300

133987

1.138

25117

2.001

 

Calibrator 6

0.500

221397

1.140

24947

1.993

 

Negative control 1

3165

1.145

25387

2.011

 

Positive control 1

0.0800

35587

1.135

24991

1.993

 

Blood sample 1

?

67590

1.141

25619

1.990

 

Blood sample 1 duplicate

?

70345

1.138

25116

1.891

 

Blood sample 2

?

98171

1.144

24819

1.993

 

Blood sample 2 duplicate

?

110786

1.137

25038

2.011

 

Negative control 2

0

1590

1.143

25437

1.995

 

Positive control 2

0.300

146723

1.144

24751

1.996

  

Report Requirements

Calculations

For each question, show the calculations for at least one example. You may write-out rather than type the calculations, if you wish.

1. Use the calibrator data to make a calibration curve using Excel. You should be able to copy and paste that data table into Excel. Remember to use the PAR, not just the ethanol peak area. Plot PAR on the on the y-axis and ethanol concentration on the x-axis. Use Excel to get a trendline (linear least squared fit to the data) and an r2 value for the calibration curve. Attach the graph to the report. (2 pts)  concentrations for negative control 1 and 2. (1 pt)  

  

1. The SOP in your lab states that the QC limit for the negative control is less than 0.0025%. (1 pt)

a. Are both of the negative controls within QC limits?

b. Suppose that your SOP says that you can’t report data if the limit is exceeded. Would you be able to report data from this run?

2. Use the trendline to calculate the ethanol concentrations for positive control 1 and 2. (1.5 pts)

3. Calculate the % error for both positive controls. (See data table for the “true” concentrations). (1.5 pts)

4. The SOP states that the positive controls must be within 5% of the “true” concentration. If they aren’t, you should re-run the batch. Can you report the data from this batch? (0.5 pt)

5. Calculate the ethanol concentrations for the four injections of Blood samples. (1.5 pts)

6. Calculate the agreement between each Blood sample and its duplicate as relative percent difference from the average (RPD). (1.5 pts)

7. Suppose your SOP requires that the RPD must be +/- 5%. Do your samples meet this requirement, and could you report this data? (0.5 pts)

8. Calculate and list the average value of the retention time for the ethanol and n-propanol for the 6 calibrators.  (1pt)

9. Suppose your SOP requires that the retention times for the ethanol and n-propanol in the samples is within ±3% of the average retention time for those substances in the calibrators. Do your 4 Blood sample injections meet that requirement? Briefly justify your answer. (1.5 pts)

Questions

10. The per se limit for DUI is 0.08%. Explain what the percent unit actually means in blood alcohol testing. Is this on a weight/weight basis, a volume/volume basis, a volume/weight basis or a weight/volume basis? Would it make a difference if the limit were on a different basis? (1 pt)

11. Is the unit g ethanol/dL blood the same unit as 0.08%? What volume in is 1 dL in units of milliliters? (1 pt)

12. Were any of the samples in this dry lab data above the legal limit? If so, which ones? (1 pt)

13. The actual columns often used for BAC are proprietary. Manufacturers provide examples of operating conditions that demonstrate how well the columns separate mixtures, but disclose little information on the composition of the columns. Even though you don’t know the exact makeup of the stationary phase in the columns, would you expect them to be polar or non-polar? Explain your answer. (1 pt)

14. Chromatographic conditions for BAC are generally isothermal. Briefly explain the term isothermal in the context of GC-FID. What step in a temperature gradient GC-FID run can be omitted in an isothermal GC-FID run? Why are isothermal methods preferred for BAC? (2 pts)

Report: Title, Name, Questions answered in order and email of spreadsheet to instructor. (1 pt)

a draft of the agenda comparison grid you completed for part 1 of

Regardless of political affiliation, every citizen has a stake in healthcare policy decisions. Hence, it is little wonder why healthcare items become such high-profile components of presidential agendas. It is also little wonder why they become such hotly debated agenda items.

In Part 1 of this module’s Assignment, you were asked to begin work on an Agenda Comparison Grid to compare the impact of the previous three presidential agendas on the healthcare item you selected for study. In this Discussion, you will share your first draft with your colleagues to receive feedback to be applied to your final version.