Accounting, Analysis, and Principles Diversified Products, Inc. operates in several lines of business, including the construction and real estate industries. While the majority of its revenues are recognized at point of sale,
Diversified appropriately recognizes revenue on long-term construction contracts using the percentage-of-completion method. It recognizes sales of some properties using the installment sales approach. Income data for 2012 from operations other than construction and real estate are as follows.
Revenues … $9,500,000
Expenses ….. 7,750,000
1. Diversified started a construction project during 2011. The total contract price is $1,000,000, and $200,000 in costs were incurred in both 2011 and 2012. In 2013, Diversified recognized $50,000 gross profit on the project. Estimated costs to complete the project in 2013 were $400,000.
2. During 2012, Diversified sold real-estate parcels at a price of $630,000. Gross profit at a 25% rate is recognized when cash is received. Diversified collected $500,000 during the year on these sales.
Determine Diversified Products’ 2012 net income. (Ignore taxes.)
Determine free cash flow (see Chapter 5) for Diversified Products for 2012. In 2012, Diversified had depreciation expense of $175,000 and a net increase in working capital (changes in accounts receivable and accounts payable) of $250,000. In 2012, capital expenditures were $500,000; Diversified paid dividends of $120,000.
“Application of the percentage-of-completion and installment-sales method revenue recognition approaches illustrates the trade-off between relevance and faithful representation of accounting information.” Explain.