Engineering E2261: Introduction to Accounting and Finance COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, S

Engineering E2261: Introduction to Accounting and Finance
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, School of Engineering and Applied Science
Homework 3 – Readings, Problems and Cases
0. Reading (Optional):
Purchase “Introduction to Accounting and Finance E2611.”
Robert Higgens, Richard Brealey, Stewart Myers.
See Courseworks for purchasing details. This text is recommended.
1. Lennar Corporation (LEN).
Lennar is a homebuilder that competes with Centex and APO. Here is some pertinent economic
and accounting data:
LEN Balance Sheet As of 12/31/2010
Assets
Cash $10,000
AR $3,000
Inventory $4,000
Misc assets held for sale $2,000
PPE $12,000
– Accum. Deprec. – $6,000
= PPE book value $6,000
Total Assets $25,000
Liabilities
AP $4,000
Loan Payable $6,000
Land $5,000
Total Liabilities $15,000
Equity
PIC $6,000
RE $4,000
Total Equity $10,000
Liabilities+Equity $25,000
Notes at BOY 2011:
• LEN’s inventory write down policy is to use “inventory write down expense,” instead of
“COGS” expense.
• LEN uses linear depreciation.
• LEN’s PPE has average useful life of 10 years, with $2,000MM salvage value.
• The loan carries an annual interest rate of 5% (compounded annually).
• Principal on the loan is due in January 2012.
• Cumulative net income of the company is $5,000.
LEN experienced the following events in 2011:
1. Noted $1,000 of inventory was destroyed and useless as inventory but retained $400 in
salvage value.
2. Paid its owners a dividend of $500.
3. Purchased inventory (homes) costing $20,000 on account
(ie: was invoiced at time of purchase).
4. Received $35,000 in payments on previously-submitted invoices.
5. Sold/invoiced $38,000 of homes to customers (LEN ‘matches’ certain expenses to
revenue at the end of each accounting period, rather than with each sale).
6. Received $2,000 in cash prepayment for services it promises to deliver in 2012.
7. Paid $2,000 of outstanding vendor invoices.
8. Noted need to pay and paid $5,000 to rent office space for the year and for other
administrative costs.
9. Prepaid $3,000 for 2012 office space rent.
10. Noted depreciation on all its PPE assets.
11. Noted but did not pay 2011 interest on its loan payable.
12. Took out a (long term) loan for $5,000 and used this cash to purchase 100% of
NicheRealty. NicheRealty’s balance sheet at the time of sale (last day of year) was:
Cash: $2,000, AR: $1,000, PPE: $6,000, AP: $6,000, Equity $3,000
13. Sold all its ‘misc asset held for sale’ for $1,500 cash.
14. Noted that its cost of goods sold for the year was $20,000.
15. Estimated (noted) its 2011 taxes at $500.
Find:
a) A list of journal entries corresponding to the above events, using the Dr, Cr sign convention.
b) Sorted lists of the journal entries, grouped first by Assets, Liabilities, and Equity, then by
individual accounts.
c) Prepare an EOY 2011 BS. Show that duality is satisfied, and report Equity as PIC + retained
earnings.
d) Prepare an IS and an OES for 2011.
e) Prepare a direct-method CFS for the year.
f) As of 1/1/2012, is LEN in trouble with any of its stakeholders? Why or why not?

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